Trivia Quiz: Mount Royal Park, Mount Royal Model City and Surrounding Area

Duncan Crabtree*

--February 4, 2019.

1. By which Canadian railway company was chief engineer Henry Wicksteed, the man who planned and organised the construction of the Mount Royal tunnel, employed?
a. Canadian Pacific Railway
b. Canadian National Railway
c. Canadian Northern Railway
d. Grand Trunk Railway

2. What urban planning movement(s) did well-known Canadian landscape architect Frederick Gage Todd attempt to incorporate in his plan for the Model City of Mount Royal?
a. Garden City movement
b. City Beautiful movement
c. Garden Suburb and Urban Park movements
d. All of the above

3. What made the layout of the Mount Royal Model City more practical than unplanned urban areas?
a. Broad boulevards inspired by the City Beautiful movement
b. Better integration of the railway inspired by the Garden City movement
c. Placing industries near the edge of the town and institutions in its centre
d. All of the above

4. During which historical period did the Mount Royal Model City begin to become more inhabited by Francophones?
a. The Quiet Revolution
b. The 1970s during the rise of separatism
c. The Great Depression
d. The post-WWII boom

5. Before Mount Royal’s first integration into the city of Montreal in 1912, what administrative division did it form?
a. County
b. Prefecture
c. Seigneury
d. Township

6. What fruit was the Mount Royal area well known for harvesting before its integration into Montreal led to its urbanisation?
a. Montreal melon
b. Tomatoes
c. Peaches
d. Blueberries

7. Which well-known Canadian politician was the Member of Parliament for Mount Royal for over 20 years?
a. Lucien Bouchard
b. Pierre Elliot Trudeau
c. Gilles Duceppe
d. Louis St. Laurent

8. Which of the following Montreal churches is located on Mount Royal?
a. Church of St. Michael and St. Anthony
b. St. George’s Anglican Church
c. St. Joseph’s Oratory

9. Which mountain range are the three peaks of Mount Royal part of?
a. The Laurentians
b. The Appalachians
c. The Chic-Choc mountains
d. The Monteregian hills

10. Into which First Nations language was the Outremont peak renamed to give it the title Tiohtià:ke Otsira’kéhne, or “the place of the big fire”?
a. Huron
b. Mohawk
c. Algonquin
d. Abenaki

11. After which king of France did Jacques Cartier name Mount Royal?
a. Louis XIV
b. Henry II
c. Charles IX
d. Francis I

12. Why were the plans of Frederick Law Olmstead, the original designer of Mount Royal Park and co-designer of Central Park in New York City, largely not followed during construction in the mid 1870s?
a. There were not enough workers in the area to get the project done on time
b. Heavy rainfall caused too much erosion for the design to be followed
c. The plans were too complicated
d. There was a depression in Montreal in the mid 1870s

13. Why did Mayor Jean Drapeau decide to cut back the Mount Royal Park forest in the 1950s?
a. He wanted more natural light to illuminate the paths of the park
b. He thought parks were more beautiful with fewer tree branches
c. There was a shortage of firewood in Montreal in the 1950s
d. He didn’t want people engaging in intercourse behind the cover of vegetation

14. The landscape of Mount Royal was one of the best in Canada during the 1920s for which sport?
a. Cross-country skiing
b. Mountain biking
c. Ski jumping
d. Trail running

15. What was the original name of the group of "snowshoers" who would meet weekly on Sherbrooke Street in the evenings during the winters starting in 1840 before hiking on Mount Royal and lighting their way by torchlight?
a. Les Amis de la Montagne
b. Les Tuques Bleues
c. Montreal Snow Shoe Club
d. Mount Royal Adventurers

16. Near the monument to which famous Canadian on the east slope of Mount Royal does the annual Tam-tam gathering take place?
a. George-Étienne Cartier
b. Jacques Cartier
c. Sir Wilfrid Laurier
d. Louis St-Laurent

17. Which sport in the form we know it today was conceived of at McGill university?
a. Basketball
b. Lacrosse
c. Hockey
d. Curling

18. Which well known Canadian general was at one time also principle of McGill University?
a. Jacques Alfred Dextraze
b. Sir Arthur Currie
c. Jean Victor Allard
d. William Otter

19. Which factors encouraged the burying of the dead on Mount Royal starting in 1852?
a. Hygiene
b. Fear of the dead souls haunting the inner city
c. Lack of space
d. All of the above
e. a and c only

20. Which factors encouraged the establishment of hospitals on Mount Royal?
a. It was cheaper to build them there
b. The air was cleaner
c. Nature was believed to help patients heal
d. All of the above
e. b and c only

*Duncan Crabtree, a History student at Bishop's University in Sherbrooke, interned with QAHN in 2019.

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