--February 13, 2019.
1. b. Pearl ash from the hardwood forests. Beef and dairy products would later become the main agricultural goods produced in the area.
2. b. American squatters. The Abenakis had hunted the land long before but had not settled permanently. Before 1791, the land had not been parcelled out to British or French-Canadian settlers.
3. d. St. Francis River.
4. b. It would remain an empty buffer zone between the United States and Lower Canada.
5. c. Those who owned the land had no interest in settling it.
6. b. That the company spend 50 thousand pounds sterling on various public works. The company was not successful overall in attracting more settlers and much of this land was returned to the government 9 years later.
7. a. 50 shillings an acre.
8. e. B and C only.
9. f. A and C only.
10. a. Missisquoi Bay and Lake Memphremagog.
11. a. Derby.
12. b. Hyatt’s Mills.
13. a. The roads were badly maintained.
14. a. Leeds. By 1851 however, there would be twice as many French Canadians as Irish settlers in this township.
16. a. The Townships were seen by missionaries as without proper exposure to religion. Some of the isolated communities in the Townships certainly did not have regular church services with ministers. However, missionaries often believed that any community without the presence of their denomination was deprived of religious truths.
17. b. Methodist. American Methodist preachers developed circuits in the Townships along which they would preach to several communities and spread their branch of faith. These were short circuits (around two-weeks) providing several communities with regular services.
18. f. B and C only. The Townships sent 6 militia battalions to fight for the British in the war of 1812. They also provided supplies for the British. Economic ties between the Townships and New England were quite strong however and smuggling occurred often. Some Methodist ministers, used to crossing the border frequently before the war, continued to do so without resistance.
19. e. All of the above.
20. d. all of the above.
*Duncan Crabtree, a History student at Bishop's University in Sherbrooke, interned with QAHN in 2019.