--February 4, 2019.
c. Canadian Northern Railway (CNoR). This company built the Mount Royal tunnel in 1912 and would merge with the Canadian National Railway (CN) in 1923 in large part due to this cost of this project.
d. All of the above
d. All of the above
a. The Quiet Revolution. At this stage in Quebec’s history, some Francophones began to move into wealthier urban communities such as Mount Royal that had traditionally been anglophone dominated.
c. Seigneury. Mount Royal was part of a seigneury granted to the Sulpician Catholic Church order at the beginning of the 1700s
a. Montreal Melon. This fruit was quite sought after in the early 1900s but is not commonly sold today.
b. Pierre Elliot Trudeau
c. St. Joseph’s Oratory. Beginning as a small chapel in 1904, by 1967 it had evolved to include a basilica, crypt and votive chapel and had taken the form it has today.
d. Monteregian hills. This mountain range is located between the Appalachians and Laurentians.
b. Mohawk. It was renamed in June 2017 during the 375th anniversary of Montreal to recall the use of the hill as a fire beacon by Indigenous First Nations peoples.
d. Francis I. In 1535, Jacques Cartier sailed up the Saint-Lawrence River and was led by Indigenous peoples of the Hochelaga to the top of a nearby mountain. Impressed by the views from its summit, he decided to name the mountain “Mont Royal” after his monarch.
d. There was a depression in Montreal in the mid 1870s.
d. He didn’t want people engaging in intercourse behind the cover of vegetation. These cut backs by Mayor Drapeau were known as “morality cuts” and were destructive to the forest.
c. Ski jumping. The Côte-des-Neiges ski jump allowed a skier to jump 75 feet in 1920. The spectacle drew large crowds.
c. Montreal Snow Shoe Club. The club was known to include some of Montreal’s prominent businessmen. After 1870, members began to wear blue tuques. Les Amis de la Montagne is a charitable organisation that organises a celebratory race on snowshoes up Mount Royal called les Tuques Bleues.
c. Hockey. It was developed in 1875.
b. Sir Arthur Currie
e. a and c only. Montreal had become the biggest city in Canada and so a new area was needed to bury the dead that was far enough from the urban centre wherein most of the population resided.
e. b and c only. During the industrial revolution, it was seen as less than ideal for a patient to heal in an unclean and bustling city. New hospitals built on the mount were considered sanctuaries that could best promote health and well-being.
*Duncan Crabtree, a History student at Bishop's University in Sherbrooke, interned with QAHN in 2019.